Rural America

Tuesday, Nov 21, 2017, 4:30 pm  ·  By John Ikerd

Rural Communities Should Look to the Past to Defeat the Industrial Agriculture of the Present

Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) pollute ground and surface water, spread disease, eliminate jobs and lower surrounding property values because they smell terrible.   (Image: johnikerd.com)

People in rural communities are beginning to join forces to defend their health and well-being against the inherent threats posed by concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs). I believe that the future leadership of rural America is emerging from among those who are taking the lead in protecting their communities against CAFOs, and I am just beginning to appreciate the importance of the new relationships that are being forged among rural people who share this common concern for the future of their communities.

Over the past year, I have met with local anti-CAFO group in Arkansas, Nebraska, Missouri, Iowa, South Dakota, and Ontario, Canada. Each group is different but they all of have one thing in common: they are all creating “communities of necessity.” Most of these folks didn’t form these new relationships because they wanted to. They got together with neighbors because they felt they had to. They knew they would have to work together if they were to have a chance to protect themselves, their families and their communities from the threats of CAFOs.

Rural America once had strong communities. It would have been very difficult for anyone who built a CAFO in a rural area in earlier times. It wasn’t socially or morally acceptable for one person in the community to benefit at the expense of others. Rural people were also very skeptical of “outsiders,” such as the corporations that are promoting CAFOs. They understood that more often than not, “outside investors” were intent on taking advantage of the “local yokels.” The strong communities of earlier time were created out of necessity and over time became important keepers of rural social and cultural values.

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Monday, Nov 20, 2017, 9:30 am  ·  By John Marty, Minnesota State Senator

Minnesota Must Say “No” to Enbridge’s Line 3 Pipeline

Line 3 is a new pipeline proposal that, if approved, would carry oil from the Alberta tar sands through Minnesota. Enbridge Inc., the Canadian energy transportation company behind the proposal, is responsible for the biggest onshore oil spill in U.S. history,   (Image: Twitter)

Minnesota has taken significant steps to develop its renewable energy resources. Beginning more than 20 years ago, the state has promoted energy efficiency, wind, and solar power, to reduce greenhouse gas emissions while creating jobs and cleaning the environment. The state is committed, by law, to sharp reductions in greenhouse gas emissions.

The proposed Enbridge pipeline project would be a big step in the opposite direction. It is a litmus test of whether Minnesota is serious about climate change. Before explaining why, it is important to be clear on the urgency of the issue. A recent report published by the National Academy of Sciences said that there is a 1-in-20 chance that human-caused climate change will have an impact that is “beyond catastrophic” by the end of the century, threatening the very survival of our descendants.

Ignoring the risk of climate change caused by human greenhouse gas emissions is gambling with the lives of young Minnesotans and all future generations.

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Thursday, Nov 16, 2017, 2:00 pm  ·  By Jim Goodman

Wisconsin Dairy Farmer to GOP: Your Estate Tax Claims Are Bogus

(Image: Google Images / Rural America In These Times)

The mystique of the family farmer in this country goes all the way back to Thomas Jefferson’s model for democracy. Jefferson centered his vision on the yeoman farmer, who, with family labor, worked a small farm and embodied the virtues of honest and hard work. It was an important idea to a new nation that was supposed to be built on independence and fairness—not aristocracy and privilege.

The idea of the yeoman farmer has evolved into the present-day notion of the family farm, a life few Americans understand but one that they seem to hold dear and want to preserve: The family farmer cares for the land, the animals and the local community because that is their heritage. It’s no wonder that food packaging depicts that image of the family farm, with little red barns, cows and chickens in the grass and the farm family working together—it sells. This image has nothing to do with how the vast majority of food that fills supermarket shelves is produced, but that hasn’t stopped politicians from invoking the family farm when selling the public on policies that have little to do with those of us who still do the work of family farming.

As Republicans push ahead with their tax reform plan, the small farmer is again invoked. This time it’s about the estate tax. During a speech in North Dakota, President Trump declared, “We’ll also protect small businesses and family farmers here in North Dakota and across the country by ending the death tax.” He added: “Tremendous burden for the family farmer, tremendous burden. We are not going to allow the death tax or the inheritance tax or the whatever-you-want-to-call-it to crush the American Dream.”

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Tuesday, Nov 14, 2017, 2:00 pm  ·  By Alana Toulin

Upton Sinclair is Dead and the Food Industry has the Trump Admin. Right Where It Wants It

(Image: Google Images / Rural America In These Times)

When Donald Trump was elected president, American consumer protection groups, food safety advocates and commentators were “on high alert.” Two months prior, his campaign had posted—and later deleted—an online fact sheet that highlighted a number of “regulations to be eliminated” under his proposed economic plan.

The document read in part:

The FDA Food Police, which [sic] dictate how the federal government expects farmers to produce fruits and vegetables and even dictates the nutritional content of dog food. The rules govern the soil farmers use, farm and food production hygiene, food packaging, food temperatures and even what animals may roam which fields and when. It also greatly increased inspections of food ‘facilities,’ and levies new taxes to pay for this inspection overkill. 

Now, with Trump’s first year in office characterized by tumult and scandal (including the FBI’s ongoing Russia probe, his response to white supremacist violence in Charlottesville and his continuous goading of North Korea’s Kim Jong Un, etc.) it is understandable that concerns about America’s food supply have been sidelined. To paraphrase food writer Mark Bittman, how relevant are food issues when the need to defend basic democracy is far greater?

As it turns out, very—the two have been inextricably linked since the emergence of the modern food industry at the turn of the 20th century. Then, as now, lax regulatory legislation combined with rampant consumer fear has allowed corporate interests to redirect conversations about food safety and position themselves as the best solution to the problem. 

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Friday, Nov 10, 2017, 12:00 pm  ·  By Joseph Bullington

A “Progressive Ticket” Sweeps Helena, Montana’s Municipal Elections

On Tuesday, Wilmont J. Collins, a Liberian refugee, was elected mayor of Helena, Mont.   (Image: Wilmont Collins for Mayor / Crowdpac)

While most excitement on the Left about Tuesday’s elections has focused on the Democratic wins in Virginia and New Jersey, the off-year races also saw many quieter progressive victories in improbable places across the country. In Maine, voters passed a referendum to override the governor’s veto and expand Medicaid in the state. Our Revolution, the organization that grew out of the Bernie Sanders presidential campaign, counted wins for 21 of its endorsed candidates in down-ballot races from Pennsylvania to Minnesota. And in the Montana capital of Helena, population 28,190, progressives swept the races for city commission and elected Wilmot Collins as the first black mayor in the state’s history*.

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Wednesday, Nov 8, 2017, 3:00 pm  ·  By Thomas Linzey

Pebble Mine: “One More Indicator That We Are Undoubtedly the Dumbest Species on the Planet”

Residents in southwestern Alaska have been fighting the Pebble Mine for decades. In October, on behalf of the extractive industry, EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt resurrected the ecologically insane proposal.   (Image: Jim Klug / savebristolbay.org)

Funny how projects that would be holocausts for Earth never seem to stay dead.

Look no further than the proposed Pebble Mine in southwestern Alaska's Bristol Bay. In 2002, after deposits of copper, gold, and molybdenum were confirmed to the tune of $300 billion, the dream of a huge open pit mine was born—with a proposal to remove 10 billion tons of rock, create two artificial lakes over four miles long, and construct a mine as deep as the Grand Canyon and as big as Manhattan.

During the Obama Administration, Alaskans and other groups successfully fought to get the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to declare the area off-limits to mining under a rarely-used provision of the Clean Water Act. The agency eventually declared that the mine would result in the “complete loss of fish habitat” due to the destruction of 22 miles of streams and more than six square miles of wetlands.

But it only took an hour after a meeting between President Trump’s EPA-head Scott Pruitt and the CEO of the Pebble Limited Partnership for Pruitt to reverse that determination. His decision now allows the permit application process to move forward.

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Monday, Nov 6, 2017, 9:30 am  ·  By Francis Thicke

Out-Going NOSB Member Calls Out Corporate Agribusiness and Organic Fraud

(Photo: Ryan Thompson / usda.gov)

Editor’s Note: Established by the Organic Foods Production Act (OFPA), the National Organic Standards Board (NOSB) is a Federal Advisory Board made up of 15 public volunteers from within the organic community. Each NOSB member is appointed by the U.S. Secretary of Agriculture for a five-year term. Members include: four who own or operate an organic farming operation; two who own or operate an organic handling operation; one who owns or operates a retail establishment with significant trade in organic products; three with expertise in areas of environmental protection and resource conservation; three who represent public interest or consumer interest groups; one with expertise in the fields of toxicology, ecology or biochemistry; and one who is a U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) accredited certifying agent. The board considers and makes recommendations on a wide range of issues involving the production, handling and processing of organic products. Thicke, an organic farmer and soil scientist, served on the NOSB as an environmental representative. 

There are two important things that I have learned during my five years on the National Organic Standards Board (NOSB). First, I learned that the NOSB review process for materials petitioned for inclusion on the National List is quite rigorous, with Technical Reviews of petitioned materials and careful scrutiny by both NOSB subcommittees and the full board.

The second thing I learned, over time, is that industry has an outsized and growing influence on USDA—and on the NOSB (including through NOSB appointments)—compared to the influence of organic farmers, who started this organic farming movement. Perhaps that is not surprising, given the growing value of organic sales. As organic is becoming a $50 billion business, the industry not only wants a bigger piece of the pie, they seem to want the whole pie.

We now have “organic” chicken CAFOs (concentrated animal feeding operations) with 200,000 birds crammed into a building with no real access to the outdoors, and a chicken industry working behind the scenes to make sure that the animal welfare standards—weak as they were—never see the light of day, just like their chickens. The image consumers have of organic chickens ranging outside has been relegated to pictures on egg cartoons.

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Thursday, Nov 2, 2017, 1:44 pm  ·  By Rural America In These Times

The United States of Toxins in Graphic Relief

A map depicting the total millions of pounds of toxic chemicals released into the environment by state in 2016. Darker colors indicate a higher volume of toxins.   (Source: Ode to Clean)

Editor’s Note: Solugen, founded in 2016, is a biotech company concerned with developing environmentally conscious alternatives to chemical manufacturing. Their first patent is called Bioperoxide—a hydrogen peroxide alternative created entirely out of plants instead of petroleum. In October, they launched their first line of sustainably-minded consumer cleaning products called “Ode To Clean”—and with it, a blog. Rural America In These Times does not endorse any brands. The following repost, however, provides an interesting (and somewhat sick) look at the regional distribution of industrial toxins across the United States. Turns out, a majority of what the EPA calls “toxic releases” occur in rural areas.

In the company’s own words:

Every year, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires most large industrial facilities to report the volume of toxic chemicals they release into the environment. The EPA takes this data and consolidates it into the Toxic Releases Inventory (TRI), which is then used to set environmental policies in place. For this analysis, we looked at the EPA’s most recent TRI report, looking at data from 2016.

This includes data reported from more than 18,000 facilities across the United States, spanning major industries like manufacturing, mining, chemicals and utilities. It includes total releases (in pounds) of roughly 650 different toxins which are determined to have a significant adverse effect on humans and/or the environment. And in this report, “release” means that a chemical was “emitted to the air or water, or placed in some type of land disposal.

Here's a look at the what, where and who was responsible for the bulk of toxic emissions in the United States in 2016.

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Monday, Oct 30, 2017, 6:30 pm  ·  By Steven Conn

Earth to Trump & Co.: Two Basic Reasons Why Coal Isn’t Making a Comeback

West Virginia coal miners checking out after a days work in 1946.   (Image: commons.wikimedia.org)

There’s a funny Monty Python skit from years ago where a son comes home to his parents. His father is furious at him because he won’t go into the family business—writing plays and poetry—and has rebelled to become a coal miner instead. The skit is funny because back in the 1970s when it aired, everyone knew that coal mining was a dirty, dangerous, terrible way to make a living.

So it is particularly bizarre that the Trump administration seems to be infatuated with coal and coal mines. In fact, they love coal so much that they want us all to pay more for it. Recently, Secretary of Energy Rick Perry has been pushing a proposal to provide tax-payer subsidies for electrical plants if they burn coal. This will, apparently, persuade them to switch from cheaper, cleaner natural gas.

And then there was Scott Pruitt, the fox Donald Trump appointed to guard the EPA’s chicken coop, announcing that the “war on coal” was now over because the EPA was going to walk away from the Obama Administration’s clean energy goals.

But there never was a war on coal and jobs mining coal aren’t coming back. Employment in the mines topped out at over 800,000 and that was in the 1920s. Coal mining jobs have been in a steady, inexorable decline ever since. There are two basic reasons for that.

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Friday, Oct 27, 2017, 1:00 pm  ·  By Shannan Stoll

Native American Women Target European Banks to Block Big Oil

Indigenous Women’s Divestment Delegates (left to right), Michelle Cook, LaDonna Brave Bull Allard, Tara Houska, and Jackie Fielder.   (Photo: Teena Pugliese / Yes! Magazine)

Last December, calls to defund the Dakota Access pipeline and “Stand with Standing Rock” led individuals to divest millions of dollars from banks extending credit to that project. As cities and tribes got involved, that amount increased to now more than $4 billion.

Seattle was the first, then more cities followed, and the movement to defund Big Oil is still growing. In May, Indigenous leaders launched a new campaign, the Treaty Alliance Against Tar Sands Expansion, targeting four proposed tar sands pipelines. The strategy is to stop banks’ financial commitment before ground is broken. One of these projects—TransCanada’s Energy East Pipeline—was terminated earlier this month.

Now, the movement that began at Standing Rock has gone global, since much of the DAPL funding came from overseas banks. Some European banks such as BNP Paribas have taken steps to stop funding fossil fuel projects that trample Native peoples’ rights. Others such as Norway’s DNB and ING have done some divesting. 

Last week, a delegation of Indigenous women returned from a trip to Europe where they met with leaders of financial institutions in Norway, Switzerland, and Germany, the “home bases for several of the world’s largest financial and insurance institutions supporting dangerous extraction developments,” according to the news release. The delegation was organized by Indigenous women leaders in partnership with the Women’s Earth and Climate Action Network.

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